Skip to main content
 首页 » 编程设计

angularjs之如何读取 AngularJS 中 ArrayBuffer 中的二进制数据

2024年06月20日12artech

在 AngularJS 中有 $http.get动态获取数据。不幸的是,从官方文档中很难理解如何读取二进制数据(例如,用于图像操作)。

默认的 getString 形式获取数据 ( see it in a plunker )。这是very cumbersome 。那么,如何在 ArrayBuffer 中获取它? (请注意,从 XHR2 开始,这是 already possible 。)

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
  <head> 
    <title>Using $http.get to read binary data</title> 
  </head> 
  <body ng-app> 
    <h1>$http to load binary data</h1> 
    <div ng-controller="FetchCtrl" > 
      <button ng-click="fetch()">fetch</button><br/> 
      {{info}} 
    </div> 
    <script src="http://code.angularjs.org/1.0.6/angular.min.js"></script> 
    <script> 
    // Controller 
    function FetchCtrl($scope, $http) { 
      // See note 1 
      $scope.URL = "http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/24/Lenna.png"; 
      $scope.info = "Click 'fetch' to fetch an image" ; 
 
      $scope.fetch = function() { 
        delete $http.defaults.headers.common['X-Requested-With']; // See note 2 
        $http.get($scope.URL). 
          success(function(data) { 
            $scope.info = "Read '" + $scope.URL + "' with " + data.length 
            + " chars in a variable of type '" + typeof(data) + "'"; 
          }).error(function(data, status) { 
            $scope.info = "Request failed with status: " + status; 
          }); 
      }; 
    }       
    </script> 
  </body> 
</html> 

注1:原始文件大小为473.831字节。
注意 2:如果要获取的图像属于不同的域,则可能需要重置 header 才能执行 simple cross-site request :默认情况下,AngularJS 1.0.6 设置 X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest header ,强制 preflighted request ,即浏览器在 GET 之前发送 http OPTIONS 请求。服务器可能不支持此功能(如本例中,服务器返回 403 HTTP method not allowed)。
This header was removed不过,六个月前(即从 AngularJS 1.1.1 开始),不再需要重置(顺便感谢 this answer to AngularJS performs an OPTIONS HTTP request for a cross-origin resource )。

请您参考如下方法:

幸运的是,Vojta Jina已经实现this featurebranch 1.1 。以下代码 ( see it in a plunker ) 获取 ArrayBuffer 中的二进制数据。注意使用(就今天而言)仍然不稳定的 AngularJS 1.1.5:

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
  <head> 
    <title>Using $http.get to read binary data</title> 
  </head> 
  <body ng-app> 
    <h1>Using $http.get to read binary data</h1> 
    <div ng-controller="FetchCtrl" > 
      <button ng-click="fetch()">fetch</button><br/> 
      {{info}} 
    </div> 
    <script src="http://code.angularjs.org/1.1.5/angular.min.js"></script> 
    <script> 
    // Controller 
    function FetchCtrl($scope, $http) { 
      // See note 1 
      $scope.URL = "http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/24/Lenna.png"; 
      $scope.info = "Click 'fetch' to fetch an image" ; 
      $scope.fetch = function() { 
        delete $http.defaults.headers.common['X-Requested-With']; // See note 2 
        $http.get($scope.URL, {responseType: "arraybuffer"}). 
          success(function(data) { 
            $scope.info = "Read '" + $scope.URL + "' with " + data.byteLength 
            + " bytes in a variable of type '" + typeof(data) + "'"; 
          }). 
          error(function(data, status) { 
            $scope.info = "Request failed with status: " + status; 
          }); 
      }; 
    }       
    </script> 
  </body> 
</html> 

注释 1 和注释 2:请参阅原始问题中的注释。