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url-rewriting之用nginx重写所有对index.php的请求

2024年04月12日8me-sa

在我的 apache 配置中,我有以下简单的重写规则

  1. 除非文件存在,否则将重写为index.php
  2. 在网址上您永远看不到文件扩展名 (.php)

如何在 nginx 中重写它?

# 
# Redirect all to index.php 
# 
RewriteEngine On 
 
# if a directory or a file exists, use it directly 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/[^.]*|\.)$ [NC] 
RewriteRule .* index.php [L] 

这是我的 nginx 服务器 block 现在的样子,但它不起作用:(

root /home/user/www; 
index index.php; 
 
# Make site accessible from http://localhost/ 
server_name some-domain.dev; 
 
 
############################################################### 
# exclude /favicon.ico from logs 
location = /favicon.ico { 
    log_not_found off; 
    access_log off; 
}    
 
############################################################## 
# Disable logging for robots.txt 
location = /robots.txt { 
    allow all; 
    log_not_found off; 
    access_log off; 
}    
 
############################################################## 
# Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as  
# .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac). 
location ~ /\. { 
    deny all; 
    access_log off; 
    log_not_found off; 
}    
 
############################################################## 
#    
location / {  
    include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params; 
    fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root/index.php$args; 
    fastcgi_pass    127.0.0.1:9000; 
}    
 
############################################################### 
# serve static files directly 
location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico)$ { 
    access_log off; 
    expires    30d; 
}    
 
############################################################### 
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html 
error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html; 
location = /50x.html { 
    root html; 
}    
 
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 
#    
location ~ \.php$ { 
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$; 
    # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini 
    # With php5-cgi alone: 
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 
    fastcgi_index index.php; 
    include fastcgi_params; 
} 

请您参考如下方法:

我已经尝试过并成功获取我的索引页。 当我在站点配置文件中添加此代码时:

location / { 
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php; 
} 

在配置文件本身中,解释了这些是配置的步骤

First attempt to serve request as file, then as directory, then fall back to index.html

就我而言,它是 index.php,因为我通过 PHP 代码提供页面。