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Android event log 分析

2022年07月19日47wayfarer

一、EventLog介绍

1. 在平时开发和处理bug的过程中经常会和EventLog打交到,通过EventLog来分析Activity、Process、CPU、Window等相关信息。

查看Event所有的tags
adb shell cat /system/etc/event-log-tags

输出events日志信息
adb logcat -b events

该命令会输出带有时间点、进程号等信息的events log
adb logcat -v threadtime -t 4096 -b events

2. EventLog Tag在编译之后存放在system/etc/event-log-tags文件中,但是其语法定义在system/core/logcat/event.logtags文件中。我们需要了解的主要为TagName后面的括号中的内容,每一种Tag由于功能和模块的不同,括号中的内容不同,但是都遵循以下规则:

(Name|type|unit) 
 
(1) Name:表示这个字段的意义 
 
(2) Type:表示这个字段的数据格式,取值为: 
    1: int 
    2: long 
    3: string 
    4: list 
    5: float 
 
(3) unit: 取值为 
    1: Number of objects 
    2: Number of bytes 
    3: Number of milliseconds 
    4: Number of allocations 
    5: Id 
    6: Percent 
    s: Number of seconds (monotonic time)

3.EventLog中大概分为如下几类

(1) ActivityManager相关:

30001 am_finish_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30002 am_task_to_front (User|1|5),(Task|1|5) 
 
30003 am_new_intent (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Action|3),(MIME Type|3),(URI|3),(Flags|1|5) 
 
30004 am_create_task (User|1|5),(Task ID|1|5) 
 
30005 am_create_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Action|3),(MIME Type|3),(URI|3),(Flags|1|5) 
 
30006 am_restart_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30007 am_resume_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30008 am_anr (User|1|5),(pid|1|5),(Package Name|3),(Flags|1|5),(reason|3) //ANR 
 
30009 am_activity_launch_time (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Component Name|3),(time|2|3) 
 
30010 am_proc_bound (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(Process Name|3) 
 
30011 am_proc_died (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(OomAdj|1|5),(ProcState|1|5) 
 
30012 am_failed_to_pause (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Wanting to pause|3),(Currently pausing|3) 
 
30013 am_pause_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Component Name|3),(User Leaving|3) 
 
30014 am_proc_start (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(Type|3),(Component|3) 
 
30015 am_proc_bad (User|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3) 
 
30016 am_proc_good (User|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3) 
 
30017 am_low_memory (Num Processes|1|1) 
 
30018 am_destroy_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30019 am_relaunch_resume_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30020 am_relaunch_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Task ID|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30021 am_on_paused_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30022 am_on_resume_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30023 am_kill (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(OomAdj|1|5),(Reason|3) //杀进程 
 
30024 am_broadcast_discard_filter (User|1|5),(Broadcast|1|5),(Action|3),(Receiver Number|1|1),(BroadcastFilter|1|5) 
 
30025 am_broadcast_discard_app (User|1|5),(Broadcast|1|5),(Action|3),(Receiver Number|1|1),(App|3) 
 
30030 am_create_service (User|1|5),(Service Record|1|5),(Name|3),(UID|1|5),(PID|1|5) 
 
30031 am_destroy_service (User|1|5),(Service Record|1|5),(PID|1|5) 
 
30032 am_process_crashed_too_much (User|1|5),(Name|3),(PID|1|5) 
 
30033 am_drop_process (PID|1|5) 
 
30034 am_service_crashed_too_much (User|1|5),(Crash Count|1|1),(Component Name|3),(PID|1|5) 
 
30035 am_schedule_service_restart (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Time|2|3) 
 
30036 am_provider_lost_process (User|1|5),(Package Name|3),(UID|1|5),(Name|3) 
 
30037 am_process_start_timeout (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3) 
 
30039 am_crash (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(Flags|1|5),(Exception|3),(Message|3),(File|3),(Line|1|5) 
 
30040 am_wtf (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(Flags|1|5),(Tag|3),(Message|3) 
 
30041 am_switch_user (id|1|5) 
 
30042 am_activity_fully_drawn_time (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Component Name|3),(time|2|3) 
 
30043 am_set_resumed_activity (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30044 am_focused_stack (User|1|5),(Focused Stack Id|1|5),(Last Focused Stack Id|1|5),(Reason|3) 
 
30045 am_pre_boot (User|1|5),(Package|3) 
 
30046 am_meminfo (Cached|2|2),(Free|2|2),(Zram|2|2),(Kernel|2|2),(Native|2|2) 
 
30047 am_pss (Pid|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(Pss|2|2),(Uss|2|2),(SwapPss|2|2),(Rss|2|2),(StatType|1|5),(ProcState|1|5),(TimeToCollect|2|2) //进程 
 
30048 am_stop_activity (User|1|5),(Token|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30049 am_on_stop_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30050 am_mem_factor (Current|1|5),(Previous|1|5) 
 
30051 am_user_state_changed (id|1|5),(state|1|5) 
 
30052 am_uid_running (UID|1|5) 
 
30053 am_uid_stopped (UID|1|5) 
 
30054 am_uid_active (UID|1|5) 
 
30055 am_uid_idle (UID|1|5) 
 
30056 am_stop_idle_service (UID|1|5),(Component Name|3) 
 
30057 am_on_create_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30058 am_on_restart_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30059 am_on_start_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30060 am_on_destroy_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3) 
 
30061 am_remove_task (Task ID|1|5), (Stack ID|1|5) 
 
30062 am_on_activity_result_called (User|1|5),(Component Name|3),(Reason|3)

从相应的Event的定义的TagName以及后面的参数的说明,我们可以拿到在我们分析问题的过程中需要的信息。

(2) WindowManager相关:

31000 wm_no_surface_memory (Window|3),(PID|1|5),(Operation|3) 
 
31001 wm_task_created (TaskId|1|5),(StackId|1|5) 
 
31002 wm_task_moved (TaskId|1|5),(ToTop|1),(Index|1) 
 
31003 wm_task_removed (TaskId|1|5),(Reason|3) 
 
31004 wm_stack_created (StackId|1|5) 
 
31005 wm_home_stack_moved (ToTop|1) 
 
31006 wm_stack_removed (StackId|1|5) 
 
31007 wm_boot_animation_done (time|2|3)

(3) Power相关:

2722 battery_level (level|1|6),(voltage|1|1),(temperature|1|1) 
 
2723 battery_status (status|1|5),(health|1|5),(present|1|5),(plugged|1|5),(technology|3)  可以从这里看出什么时刻插入了充电器 
 
2724 power_sleep_requested (wakeLocksCleared|1|1) 
 
2725 power_screen_broadcast_send (wakelockCount|1|1) 
 
2726 power_screen_broadcast_done (on|1|5),(broadcastDuration|2|3),(wakelockCount|1|1) 
 
2727 power_screen_broadcast_stop (which|1|5),(wakelockCount|1|1) 
 
2728 power_screen_state (offOrOn|1|5),(becauseOfUser|1|5),(totalTouchDownTime|2|3),(touchCycles|1|1),(latency|1|3) 
 
2729 power_partial_wake_state (releasedorAcquired|1|5),(tag|3) 
 
2730 battery_discharge (duration|2|3),(minLevel|1|6),(maxLevel|1|6) 
 
2731 power_soft_sleep_requested (savedwaketimems|2)

(3) Notification相关:

27500 notification_panel_revealed (items|1) 
 
27501 notification_panel_hidden 
 
27510 notification_visibility_changed (newlyVisibleKeys|3),(noLongerVisibleKeys|3) 
 
27511 notification_expansion (key|3),(user_action|1),(expanded|1),(lifespan|1),(freshness|1),(exposure|1) 
 
27520 notification_clicked (key|3),(lifespan|1),(freshness|1),(exposure|1),(rank|1),(count|1) 
 
27521 notification_action_clicked (key|3),(action_index|1),(lifespan|1),(freshness|1),(exposure|1),(rank|1),(count|1) 
 
27530 notification_canceled (key|3),(reason|1),(lifespan|1),(freshness|1),(exposure|1),(rank|1),(count|1),(listener|3) 
 
27531 notification_visibility (key|3),(visibile|1),(lifespan|1),(freshness|1),(exposure|1),(rank|1) 
 
27532 notification_alert (key|3),(buzz|1),(beep|1),(blink|1) 
 
27533 notification_autogrouped (key|3)

二、补充

1. event log 在framework层常常使用,通过类似EventLog.writeEvent()写log,这种log被保存在/system/etc/event-log-tags,如果要看这种log,通过类似# logcat -b events -v threadtime 这种方式打印出来,输出的格式类似于下面:

02-18 12:29:22.625   451   467 I am_create_task: [0,116] 
02-18 12:29:22.625   451   467 I am_create_activity: [0,114895309,116,com.xd.ro.roapk/com.xindong.RODevelop.UnitySavePicActivity,android.intent.action.MAIN,NULL,NULL,270532608] 
02-18 12:29:22.626   451   467 I wm_task_created: [116,1]

它的格式就是: timestamp PID TID log-level log-tag tag-values

每个log-tag都能在framework下的源代码中找到,如上面的am_create_task,它的tag是在frameworks/base/services/core/java/com/android/server/am/EventLogTags.logtags定义的。某种程度上说,要检查event log,必须去找这些EventLogTags.logtags,才能清楚知道是啥意思。

EventLogTags.logtags 在frameworks下的多个目录下都有,不只是1个文件,编译到手机中就汇成一个文件了。

三、EventLog实战

1. am_proc_start的

定义: 
30014 am_proc_start (User|1|5),(PID|1|5),(UID|1|5),(Process Name|3),(Type|3),(Component|3) 
 
EventLog: 
I am_proc_start: [0,6533,10131,com.jingdong.app.mall:WatchDogService,service,com.jingdong.app.mall/com.jingdong.common.watchdog.WatchDogService] 
 
含义: 
启动一个进程,UserId=0,PID=6533,UID=10131,ProcessName=com.jingdong.app.mall:WatchDogService,Type=service,Component=com.jingdong.app.mall/com.jingdong.common.watchdog.WatchDogService

参考:Android开发中EventLog分析: https://www.jianshu.com/p/dc9e75bcf539


本文参考链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/hellokitty2/p/12549636.html