Skip to main content
 首页 » 编程设计

C# Socket案例(服务端与客户端)

2022年07月19日125mate10pro

服务端完整代码

using System; 
using System.Net; 
using System.Net.Sockets; 
using System.Text; 
using System.Threading; 
using System.Windows.Forms; 
 
namespace ServerSocket 
{ 
    public partial class Form1 : Form 
    { 
        //定义Socket对象 
        Socket serverSocket; 
        //定义监听线程 
        Thread listenThread; 
        //定义接收客户端数据线程 
        Thread threadReceive; 
        //定义双方通信 
        Socket socket; 
        string str; 
 
        public Form1() 
        { 
            InitializeComponent(); 
        } 
 
        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            IPAddress ip = IPAddress.Parse(this.text_ip.Text.Trim()); 
            serverSocket = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp); 
            try { 
                //绑定ip和端口 
                serverSocket.Bind(new IPEndPoint(ip, Convert.ToInt32(this.text_port.Text.Trim()))); 
                //设置最多10个排队连接请求 
                serverSocket.Listen(10); 
                //开启线程循环监听 
                listenThread = new Thread(ListenClientConnect); 
                listenThread.Start(); 
                this.button_start.Enabled = false; 
                 
            } catch { 
                MessageBox.Show("监听异常", "监听异常"); 
            } 
             
        } 
 
        //监听 
        private void ListenClientConnect() 
        { 
            while (true) { 
                //监听到客户端的连接,获取双方通信socket 
                socket = serverSocket.Accept(); 
                //创建线程循环接收客户端发送的数据 
                threadReceive = new Thread(Receive); 
                //传入双方通信socket 
                threadReceive.Start(socket); 
            } 
        } 
 
        //接收客户端数据 
        private void Receive(object socket) 
        { 
            try { 
                Socket myClientSocket = (Socket)socket; 
                while (true) { 
                    byte[] buff = new byte[20000]; 
                    int r = myClientSocket.Receive(buff); 
                    str = Encoding.Default.GetString(buff, 0, r);                   
                    this.Invoke(new Action(() => { this.text_log1.Text = str; })); 
                } 
            } catch { 
                MessageBox.Show("接收数据失败", "接收数据失败"); 
            } 
        } 
 
        //关闭 
        private void button_close_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            //socket关闭 
            serverSocket.Close(); 
            //线程关闭 
            listenThread.Abort(); 
            threadReceive.Abort(); 
        } 
 
        //发送 
        private void button_send_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            try 
            { 
                string strMsg = this.text_log2.Text.Trim(); 
                byte[] buffer = new byte[20000]; 
                buffer = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strMsg); 
                socket.Send(buffer); 
            } 
            catch 
            { 
                MessageBox.Show("发送数据失败", "发送数据失败"); 
            } 
        } 
    } 
}

客户端完整代码

using System; 
using System.Net; 
using System.Net.Sockets; 
using System.Text; 
using System.Threading; 
using System.Windows.Forms; 
 
namespace ClientSocket 
{ 
    public partial class Form1 : Form 
    { 
        //定义Socket对象 
        Socket clientSocket; 
        //创建接收消息的线程 
        Thread threadReceive; 
        //接收服务端发送的数据 
        string str; 
 
        public Form1() 
        { 
            InitializeComponent(); 
        } 
 
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
 
        } 
 
        private void button_connect_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            IPAddress ip = IPAddress.Parse(this.text_ip.Text.Trim()); 
            clientSocket = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp); 
            try { 
                //连接服务端 
                clientSocket.Connect(ip, Convert.ToInt32(this.text_port.Text.Trim())); 
                //开启线程不停的接收服务端发送的数据 
                threadReceive = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Receive)); 
                threadReceive.IsBackground = true; 
                threadReceive.Start(); 
                //设置连接按钮在连接服务端后状态为不可点 
                this.button_connect.Enabled = false; 
            } catch { 
                MessageBox.Show("连接服务端失败,请确认ip和端口是否填写正确", "连接服务端失败"); 
            } 
        } 
 
        //接收服务端消息的线程方法 
        private void Receive() 
        { 
            try { 
                while (true) { 
                    byte[] buff = new byte[20000]; 
                    int r = clientSocket.Receive(buff); 
                    str = Encoding.Default.GetString(buff,0,r); 
                    this.Invoke(new Action(() => { this.text_log1.Text = str; })); 
                } 
            } catch { 
                MessageBox.Show("获取服务端参数失败","获取服务端参数失败"); 
            } 
        } 
 
        private void button_close_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            //clientSocket关闭 
            clientSocket.Close(); 
            //threadReceive关闭 
            threadReceive.Abort(); 
        } 
 
        private void button_send_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        { 
            try { 
                string strMsg = this.text_log2.Text.Trim(); 
                byte[] buffer = new byte[20000]; 
                buffer = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strMsg); 
                clientSocket.Send(buffer); 
            } catch { 
                MessageBox.Show("发送数据失败", "发送数据失败"); 
            } 
        } 
    } 
} 

编译成功后点击发送效果图

具体步骤(思路)

服务器端:
第一步:创建一个用于监听连接的Socket对像;
第二步:用指定的端口号和服务器的ip建立一个EndPoint对像;
第三步:用socket对像的Bind()方法绑定EndPoint;
第四步:用socket对像的Listen()方法开始监听;

第五步:接收到客户端的连接,用socket对像的Accept()方法创建一个新的用于和客户端进行通信的socket对像;

第六步:通信结束后一定记得关闭socket;

客户端:
第一步:建立一个Socket对像;
第二步:用指定的端口号和服务器的ip建立一个EndPoint对像;
第三步:用socket对像的Connect()方法以上面建立的EndPoint对像做为参数,向服务器发出连接请求;
第四步:如果连接成功,就用socket对像的Send()方法向服务器发送信息;
第五步:用socket对像的Receive()方法接受服务器发来的信息 ;

第六步:通信结束后一定记得关闭socket;

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_42203978/article/details/80520299


本文参考链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/xihong2014/p/13677250.html